Monday, December 03, 2007

European Car of the Year 2008 won by Ford Ka Development Hack

The day is fast approaching when Mr. Stavros Dimas's will shall prevail and we Europeans shall drive lightly on the earth, if we are to drive at all. You would scarcely have seen a hint of this in the shortlist of seven in this year's contest, with no ground-breaking emissions reduction technology featuring, nor, with one honourable exception, the sort of pre-End Of The World As We Know It performance car madness we have come to expect from the German prestige Big Three for as long as they believe they can get away with it.

If a boutique car based unashamedly on a three-year old platform can ever be a worthy Car of the Year, the Fiat 500 (385 points) is it. The interior is even better than the exterior, and there's the promise of a mad parallel-twin engined performance edition. Perhaps the best is yet to come - for those of us wary of the Fiat's retro egregiousness, there's next year's Ford Ka on the same platform and built in the same factory in Tychy, Poland. Given that the Panda won COTY in 2004, do Fiat get to keep the trophy if the Ka wins next time round?

The Mazda 2 (325 points) deserves credit for its intent more than for its execution. The body has a leaf-like gracefulness woefully absent from the current European crop of bloated tank-like superminis. Weight saving is the car's unique selling point, and its 1030kg compares well with the 1160kg of a comparable Opel Corsa, or the Peugeot 207 at 1156kg. The lightweight champion Toyota Yaris weighs 20kg less, so the Mazda's well short of being class record holder. There's some evidence that the "add flimsiness" approach of the current MX-5 manifests itself in its supermini sibling, but overall, a sign of the direction whch superminis should be following.

Manifestly taking the wrong direction is the enormous Ford Mondeo (202 points). Now occupying more road space than the largest Scorpio ever did, and scarcely lighter than that fish-faced behemoth, the Mondeo looks incongruous on congested and constricted European roads. Surely set to be further marginalised on its home territory by its sheer size, the Cortina's tenth iteration possibly makes more sense in the increasingly important markets of China, India, and South-East Asia, where its natural competitor is the similarly-sized Toyota Camry.

The fourth place for the Kia Ce'ed (166 points) largely reflects the influence of Eastern European jurors. The neatly styled Slovakian-built car is remarkable for nothing other than the length of its warranty. The Koreans have certainly caught up with Japan and Europe in many areas, but there's no evidence of a repeat of the impending technological, manufacturing, and commercial dominance demonstrated by Toyota and Honda twenty years ago, which was to be such a wake-up call to the rest of the world's carmakers.

Imagine if Chrysler France had, in the mid-1970s replaced the Simca 1100 with the Rancho, rather than the Golf-manque Horizon. Given the present popularity of soft-roaders, Nissan's replacement of the mainstream Almera with the high-riding Qashqai (147 points) is less bold, but it commendably follows the under-regarded Note in offering practicality and a quirky distinctiveness which recalls '60s and 70's French cars. It's also notable for having soundly beaten VW's dismal, overpriced and pointless Tiguan to the final seven.

Nobody was expecting Mercedes-Benz to replace the C-Class (128 points) with a radical sector-buster, and the latest iteration builds organically on the familiar formula set with all-time 5ivegears favourite, the W201 190E. I'll not yet retract my previous comments that it looks Korean from some aspects, and seems more inspired in its shape by the 1990-97 E36 BMW 3-series than anything from Stuttgart, but more creditable is the hommage to Harris Mann (Ahead Of His Time), in the form of the bold TR7 / Princess-like side swage line. Similarly commendable is the storming, very pre-End Of The World As We Know It AMG C63 - it's unlikely that particular variant swung the opinions of the notoriously anti-elitist COTY jurors!

Deserving something far worse than bottom of the final shortlist, the Peugeot 308 (97 points) embodies the two worst automotive trends of the early 21st century, Bloatedness, and "End of History" styling in a fat caricature of its predecessor with a variant of the downright odd back-end treatment which didn't look right on the Renault Vel Satis and Seat Toledo. It's hard to imagine any right-minded person living out their days and nights in a state of constant desire for this Peugeot.

Tuesday, November 27, 2007

Suzuki Splash - What's not to like?
I like Suzuki cars - but not all of them.
Strong negatives are the abominable "Bigfoot" Vitara, the pointless X-90 and that old Swift which seemed to have long since lost the will to die, and continued to be reiterated like an off-colour joke to the increasing embarrassment of its intended audience. And I never "got" the Cappuccino.
The good ones are mostly straightforward and utilitarian, although neither description fits the "Hillman Imp meets Porsche 911" SC100. The new Swift and Grand Vitara show how well Suzuki understand European markets and I'm a huge Wagon R fan - it's the nearest thing we have to a modern-day Renault 4 or Citroën Ami.
It's somehow appropriate that the Splash, the Wagon R's replacement, for Europe at least, bears the same sort of relationship to the Wagon R+ as that of the Renault 5 to its utilitarian older sibling, although it is based on a shortened current Swift platform. Tragically short-lived Renault stylist Michel Boué's 1972 masterpiece changed little in principle from his first overlay tracing based on the side elevation of an R4, and despite being likened to a Bren Gun Carrier by one of La Regie's managers, remains possibly the best looking supermini ever.
The Splash isn't even remotely in contention for that title, but the dimensions (disregarding the height) - 3,780mm (Length) 1,780mm (Width including mirrors) 1,650mm (Height)Wheelbase: 2,360mm, are closer to the 1972 Renault -3,506mm (Length) 1,525mm (Width) 1,400mm (Height) Wheelbase: 2,434mm - than the present Bloated Supermini norm.
It also weighs (just) under a ton so should shift adequately with the one-up-from-base 86bhp 1.2 litre four. At price of £7-8K, what indeed is not to like?

Saturday, November 03, 2007

The great Anglo-Japanese identity shift

Has it occurred to anybody else that in the mid-1990s Rover and Honda seemed to be trying to swap identities? Although the phenomenon reached its height around 1995, over a year after links were severed, the process must have started when their destinies were still shared.

Several Rover products of the time had the "technologically advanced and sporty" signature of late ‘80s to early ‘90s Hondas, yet were "stand-alone" Rover designs.

Examples were:
  • K-Series Vvti engine – a variable valve timing cylinder head with no Honda input at all.
  • R8 Tomcat – tried to cover the CRX and Prelude markets with one car.
  • R3 – Closer in character to the 92-96 Civic than the Honda’s own successor.
  • And strangest of all the MGF – a grown-up Honda Beat, although it’s unlikely the two cars shared anything other than the odd switch.

For Honda’s part, the mid ‘90s products were characterised by a change of direction when the management decided to face Toyota, Nissan, and Mazda directly instead of producing leading-edge cars which often created market sectors all of their own. It's surely no coincident that the start of the gestation period of this first wave of dull Hondas coincides near-exactly with Soichiro Honda's passing from life in August 1991.

Examples were:

  • 96-00 EJ Civic, possibly the second-dullest Honda ever, replaces the brilliant split-tailgate E
  • The distinctive CRXs disappear to be replaced by a neat but uninspired US-made two door fastback.
  • The prescient Civic Shuttle gives way to the Odyssey, an unremarkable "me-too" MPV.
  • The three-door Accord Aerodeck, a car whose only competitors are the discontinued Lancia HPE and Reliant Scimitar GTE, is replaced by a mainstream five-door wagon.
  • The tall City (original Jazz in the UK) is replaced by the dreary Logo, a car which made the Toyota Starlet look positively alluring.

You get the idea… The Swindon Accord and Civic amply demonstrate that Honda learned the value of one of Rover’s most loyal customer groups, the affluent late middle-aged, and courted them most effectively with not only shiny grilles, wood, leather, and chrome, but also an attentive dealer network.

What’s dispiriting is that the Honda plan worked – they are now the world’s second most valuable car manufacturer. Meanwhile the mid-90s sporting Rovers and MG were merely a entertaining sideshow to the increasingly desperate "English Patient" drama, already unfolding before the last R8 Tomcat left the production line.
And there's more...

In the same 1977 magazine, and in the same "Cars you won't see at Earls Court" article, the following from Motor's Midlands Editor, Philip Turner:

"Range Rover for the Masses*

Just think what a splendid car a junior Range Rover would be? Either as main family transport - for thanks to its shrinking it would no longer have that rather massive presence which makes the normal Range Rover a rather awkward shopping car - or as a second car to be used for all weekend and holiday activities. I know who's first in the queue for one. Me."

He only had to wait twenty years, but a few manufacturers other than Land-Rover had got there first...

*Reminds me of George Bishop's splendid comment on the Porsche 924:

"If this is a Porsche for the masses, then say a few masses for me."

People Carriers - Britain to blame (2)

Right beside the Vauxhall "utility" in the October 1977 issue of 'Motor' is this rendering of a "multi-purpose vehicle, in family bed and breakfast guise based on the Chrysler Alpine."

It's billed as the work of the magazine's illustrator, Brian Hatton, in a feature of purely speculative renderings of cars the (mainly British) motor industry should be making, but probably never will.

Disregard the resemblance to a corbillard, and what we have is an inchoate Espace. Perhaps Mr. Hatton was brilliantly prescient and Chrysler's UK design studio saw the potential and ran with it.

The other possibility is that Chrysler were already developing the concept, and 'leaked' the idea to Motor to test reactions. Or am I being too cynical...

People Carriers - Britain to blame after all...(1)

I recently found this picture in the October 15 1977 issue of 'Motor' - described as a "stylish experimental utility" from Vauxhall.

Is it a contender for the "First MPV" title

There were of course the Fiat Multipla, and VW Microbus, and indeed Borgward's Lloyd LT600, but conventional wisdom gives equal honours for the first modern day MPV to Giugiaro's 1978 MegaGamma and the study originally conceived in Chrysler UK's Whiteley, Coventry design department that which was picked up by Matra and became the Renault Espace.

Just check the chronology:

1978 Ital Design MegaGamma
1981 Nissan Prairie
1982 Mitsubishi Chariot (Space Wagon)
1984 Dodge Caravan / Plymouth Voyager
1984 Renault Espace

The Japanese were unquestionably out in front in this race, yet history seems to have awarded the Americans and French all the credit. Maybe the world has to revise its ideas and accept that the idea could have originated, not in Detroit, nor Paris, nor even Turin
or Coventry, but in Luton.

High Endeavour - The enigmatic Argyll Turbo GT

For a while I’ve had a notion to set the record straight about the Argyll Turbo GT – I’ve collected a certain amount of published information from various stages of the car’s evolution starting with a road test of the first Rover V8 engined prototype in the September 1976 issue of CAR. The information available online comprises some rather lightweight and contradictory web articles, which hinder rather than help understanding.

I decided that learning more could be a worthwhile project – I had the advantage of being based less than a hundred miles down the road from the Argyll’s unlikely home in Lochgilphead, on a fiord off Loch Fyne.

On my first available free Monday, I set off for Tayvallich, a yachting haven and lobster fishing village on a narrow neck of land between Loch Sween and the Sound of Jura given on a website as the address of the Minnow Fish Carburettor company. Having taken in the scenery and a good meal I made local enquiries about the whereabouts of Minnow House and learned a quick lesson about the reliability of website information. A call from the post office phone (Tayvallich may be less than 100 miles from Glasgow, but it remains a stranger to mobile communications…) and I'm speaking to Bob Henderson himself, turbocharging guru, developer of the Minnow-Fish carburettor and creator of the Argyll Turbo GT. Enquiring as to his whereabouts, I was told "where we’ve always been". Lochgilphead, , is only ten miles away – I was off down the road as quickly as is prudent on single-track roads at the height of the tourist season.

Bob Henderson appeared from behind his XK120, parked in the Minnow House yard, with a variety of other interesting machinery – a Nissan Pulsar GT-R, a Rover P4 105R, and several ‘proper’ Saab 900 Turbos. I had arrived at a good time. Minnow Fish’s dynamometer was being recalibrated, necessitating a break in the workload.

It was an absolute privilege to spend an afternoon with a true automotive and engineering luminary. Subjects discussed included the BMC A Series and Jaguar XK engines, his previous career as Chief Engineer of Short Aviation, the Highlands and Islands Development Board, colonial Malaya, Jaguar under Leyland, Lord Stokes (A Henderson villain!), the relative importance of thermal and volumetric efficiency, and, just occasionally, Argylls.

I’d arrived just slightly too early to see a road-going Argyll. The silver example owned by Andrew Smith, former Scottish autocross champion and partner in the original venture, would shortly be readied for a return to the road, after about ten years’ "rest" as an exhibit in the Scottish Motoring Heritage Centre in Alexandria. Even in a dark corner of the rambling former laundry which has been Minnow Fish’s base for over 35 years, the striking proportions and clever design features, such as the "optical trough" for rear vision, and the ingenious fixed louvred headlights, were clearly evident.

Despite its development in the forests of Argyll and rally stages in the Grampians, this is no Stratos-like compact rally weapon. It is, instead, a generously proportioned grand tourer, with a longitudinally mounted V6 engine and 2+2 seating accommodated with in its 3.0 metre wheelbase. Other key dimensions are: length – 4674mm, width – 1826mm, height 1220mm, front and rear tracks – 1575mm.

Several examples of the chassis were available for inspection, a complex "bird-cage" fabrication of box sections and square and hollow tubes, rigorously triangulated and braced, and possibly owing more to the Clyde shipyards than the "add lightness" philosophy of Colin Chapman. The weight of the completed cars was around 30 cwt (1500kg). Not particularly heavy by the standards of today’s bloated hatchbacks, but comparable with the Rover SD1 and Ford Granada of the late ‘70s. The reason for the over-engineering was a design intent for the cars to last 20-30 years – "protecting the initial investment of the discerning" is how the 1983 sales brochure puts it.

Suspension is by double wishbones all round, the rear system following racing practice with wide-based purpose built wishbones and the facility for adjustment of the geometry which never required to be used. At the front there’s a modified proprietary subframe with rack and pinion steering. Bob Henderson is occasionally given to mischievous reticence and wouldn’t reveal its origins, but my guess is Granada. In the Argyll’s various iterations the spare wheel and fuel tank positions were varied to achieve as near to a perfect 50/50 weight distribution as feasible. The steering column is from a Dolomite, the Marina door handles of the prototype gave way to Volvo fitments, the instrumentation is from the same source. That windscreen is another Henderson Guessing Game – mine is Cortina Mk. 4.

The 1976 CAR article, by one Jim Dunn, praised the turbocharged Rover-engined prototype’s performance, its controllability, neutral handling and unexpectedly comfortable ride, but the interior trim was described as "virtually non-existent…Henderson wants the customers to have them detailed to their own requirements elsewhere". In the years which followed Avon Coachwork of Leamington Spa were engaged to produce a suitably luxurious interior. The use of Scottish leather partly compensated for this being one of the few areas of specialist input sourced outside west-central Scotland.

As a matter of record, the CAR article refers to a Saab engine option, also turbocharged, but none was ever made. In 1976, this would have been a turbocharged Saab engine, not a Saab Turbo engine, production examples of which were still over a year away. Henderson has been prescient throughout his career – his 1974 book "Theory and practice of turbocharging and supercharging" appears to have been the first generally published work on turbocharging written outwith the United States.

In October 1983, an official launch for the Argyll Turbo GT took place at Inveraray Castle. A number of advance orders were already in place, production capacity was stated at 12 cars per year, and the first customer car was being readied for delivery. A price range of £25,000 to £30,000 was quoted. At that time a Lotus Esprit Turbo cost £18,913, a Porsche 911 Carrera £21,464, and a Ferrari 308GTB quattrovalvole £26,181.

The production car remained close in principle to the 1976 prototype, the major change being the adoption of a blueprinted and turbocharged version of the Douvrin V6 from the Renault 30, along with its own transaxle, as the core engine, and refinement of internal and external detailing. The sales brochure lists an alternative 3.5 – 4.2 litre turbocharged ohv V8, no manufacturer is named but it was clearly Rover-derived. In this specification the ZF transaxle, shared with the Maserati Bora and De Tomaso Pantera would be used and the rear seating was omitted.

Bob Henderson told me at the outset that the two things he never discusses are power outputs and production numbers. I fully respect his reticence on this - no published article I’ve read, including Richard Bremner’s 1984 ‘Motor’ cover story has manged to extricate any more infomation.

What is certain is that a steady flow of Argylls left Minnow House over the following seven or eight years. No Rover or Saab-engined customer cars were ever produced, but some were made with a Minnow-turbocharged Lancia Beta engine and transmission in place of the Douvrin powertrain. The most intriguing development came when Argyll managed to secure a small batch of Buick V6 based engines, intended for Indy Car racing but never fielded in competition. With specially cast "Argyll Turbo GT" cam covers, and extensive re-working for road use, these engines were used in a small run of production cars, once again using the ZF transaxle, while providing 2+2 seating, albeit rather diminished by the space for the bulkier power unit. According to a 1989 Sunday Times article there were plans to set up production of an American export version with the figure of 250 cars per annum quoted. Compliance with US regulations was certainly achieved, with relatively few modifications beyond the new powertrain, and I am aware of one car in the US, although contact with the owner has as yet eluded me.

And the final Argyll? It could be yet to come. Bob Henderson’s to do-list includes completing the final Indy-engined car, its chassis presently sitting in the workshop. He hints at the possibility of further cars – the production infrastructure remains largely in place and the latent demand exists.

I said my farewells, and made my way down the A83, trying in my mind to sum up this enigmatic and idiosyncratic car. I’d hoped to identify some production numbers and a timeline, but it was clear that this information was going to remain with the Argyll’s creator.

What I had gained was a clearer definition of the designer’s intent. To label the Argyll as a Caledonian Ferrari or Porsche is crass and lazy.

The Argyll design is instead a very personal car, the physical embodiment of ideas long held by its creator, based on sound engineering principles, refined in competition and enhanced by ingenuity throughout its development process. Production projections were always modest, and the 1983 launch coverage reported that "Astonishingly, the entire project has been privately financed, and has been neither aided nor funded by the Highlands and Islands Development Board, or any other government agency to date". Bob Henderson had earlier that day noted with pride that this remained the case.

There is a far more apposite parallel, close to home than Modena or Zuffenhausen. Consider the designer’s aeronautical engineering background, the uncompromised application of well-understood engineering and aerodynamic principles, the disregard for fashion or change for change’s sake, and the ingenious use of proprietary components. Look beyond its mid-engined configuration, and the Argyll could perhaps be described as Scotland’s Bristol.

Sunday, March 25, 2007

Britain's Lost Engines - The first Jaguar V6

When the ink was dry on the 1968 merger which created, for better or worse, British Leyland, the company was left with a plethora of engines, some relatively new, some ancient and some still under development. The process of rationalising the range was painfully slow, and we had to wait until 1978 for the first new engines, the Austin-Morris O-Series four, and the Rover sixes to appear.
A few opportunities slipped the net, usually for reasons of internal politics rather than technical feasibility. One such was the V6 based on the Jaguar V12. Given the nature of the V12, a 'half-length' engine would have designed itself, and would have been a far better power unit for the lower-end XJ6 than the woeful 2.8 litre XK.

Surprisingly, it was engineering conservatism which seems to have prevented the original Jaguar V6 from being produced. Jeff Daniels' "Jaguar - The Engineering Story" records "at that time V6s were thin on the ground, and those that existed were not, if one excepts* Lancia's pioneering masterpiece for the Aurelia, particularly inspiring". 5ivegears suspects snobbery too - what's good enough for a Zephyr or Capri had no place under the bonnet of a Jag. (If that isn't irony...)

The V6 wouldn't have solved the problem of replacing the XK, but it have been put into production at very little cost in capital or development time and would have given much needed employment to the chronically under-utilised V12 production equipment.
The V6 could have had applications in other BL products. This alone might have given the men at Browns Lane reason enough to keep the cupboard locked - Jeff Daniels' excellent book also states, referring to the adopton of the 77mm Rover gearbox for the XJ Series III that "From Jaguar's point of view this must have been the only worthwhile thing that ever came out of British Leyland".

*5ivegears would also except the various Ferrari Dino V6s made in 60 and 120 degree configurations.

Britain's lost engines - The Rover K3

Seeing a picture of a Rover KV6 cylinder head, it occured to me that this was the top half of a great unrealised engine. Mentioning the idea elicited a reminder that a three cylinder version of the K-Series powered the Mini Spiritual concept car shown by Rover at the 1997 Geneva Show, in this case mounted horizontally at the rear of the car.
Had it been launched at the same time as the four cylinder K-series engines, a high-efficiency three would have added interest to the 1990 Metro relaunch, and a 1250cc 12 valve K3 would have been a far more interesting and effective offering than the poverty spec 1100 and 1400cc K-Series in the R3 Rover 200/25.

Given the likely a cost saving over the four, it could be used to provide a higher level of sophistication - four valves per cylinder, injection instead of a carburettor in the early engines. There's also the possiblility of a 1350cc 120bhp K3-VVC, which would deliver more power than the 1.4 litre fours in the Metro, with a very different character.
Rover could even have been used with an-end on gearbox in the Mini, rather than prolonging the life of the A-Series for one low volume product.
The bottom end would have needed some work - uneven cylinder numbers are hard on crankshafts and bearings, and some kind of balancer shaft would have been a good idea. If Rover ever took the idea seriously, there was already some three-cylinder experience available within the company from the 1982 ECV3 project pictured above.

Inspired and Informed

Austin Allegro and Ogle SX1000

The Ogle, built from 1962 to 1963 was a Mini-based sports coupe. The firm, bereft of its founder David Ogle, went on to greater things including the Reliant Scimitar GTE and Raleigh Chopper.

The similarity in parts, such as the grille, side window shapes and "buttressed" front wings is uncanny but, I suspect, coincidental. The Allegro's designer was well capable of creating original shapes, as was amply demonstrated in the 1975 Leyland Princess and Triumph TR7.

The Jowett Javelin - Yorkshire's heroic lost cause
In 1947 the conservative Bradford car and van manufacturer launched their Javelin, a medium sized saloon with an extraordinary degree of technical innovation. The car featured an 1.5 litre alloy-blocked overhead-valve flat-four engine with hydraulic tappets, streamlined bodywork inspired by contemporary American designs, and all round torsion bar suspension. All of this was possibly just too much for a small regional company whose core engine, a primitive flat twin last used in their Bradford van had the later distinction of remaining in continuous production, little changed, for 47 years.
The corporate dyspepsia was evident soon after the Javelin's launch with MD and Javelin champion Charles Reilly leaving in 1948, and Gerald Palmer took a post in the Nuffield Group's design office the following year.
Gerald Palmer’s contributions to the Nuffield group from 1949-1955, the Riley Pathfinder/Wolseley 6/90 and MG Magnette /Wolseley 6/90 suggests that he was denied the creative freedom of his Jowett years.
Early engine and gearbox problems, and the resulting consumer distrust led to the Javelin never achieving its sales targets. The car underwent a number of engineering revisions and its integrity was demonstrated by a number of motor sport successes, including an outright win in the 1953 International Tulip Rally.

Perhaps the Jowett can now be seen as Yorkshire's equivalent of the NSU Ro80, another car form a small regional car maufacturer who had world-beating ambitions, withoout the depth of resources to see them through. Javelin production ended in 1953 with just over 23,000 produced.

An honourable departure
Jowett ceased to exist as a vehicle manufacturer in 1955, their owners selling the factory to International Harvester, and continuing in business as a supplier to the aircraft industry. Far from launching Jowett into the big time, the Javelin’s mechanical complexity and manufacturing cost were seen as its downfall.
The decision to abandon car manufacturing, preserve jobs, and provide parts support for past products seems as courageous as the one Jowett made to put the Javelin into production. Better far to exit solvent, and with a continuing committment to past customers, than to die by badge-engineering.

An Italian Jowett? not quite...

A near-contemporary of the Jowett Javelin was the Cemsa Caproni, designed by Antonio Fessia for the Italian aircraft manufacturer. The plan to move into car manufacture was abandoned not long after production started, and only two examples are thought to survive.

The similarities to the Jowett are clear, flat four engine and conspicuously aerodynamic coachwork, although the Cemsa had front-wheel drive, and an engine capacity of only 1100cc.

We may lament that Cesma never had the opportunity to become Italy's Saab or Bristol, but at least the Caproni’s designer had the opportunity to use the experience later in his career, as it provided the template for the design of Lancia Flavia launched in 1961, by which time Professor Fessia was head of the Turin manufacturer's Central Technical Office.

Monday, February 05, 2007

What must Bruno Sacco think?

Am I alone in thinking that Mercedes-Benz's visual vocabulary is becoming ever more confused?

The big three pointed star in the middle of the grille was the preserve of the SL series from the original 300SL onwards, for the wholly logical reason that the traditional Mercedes Benz "radiator shell" would have looked ridiculous on a low aerodynamic sports car.

Then the W126 S-Class coupe adopted the central star and the floodgates opened. Not only did it re-appear on the second series CLK and the CLS, which had some sort of logic, but also on the M-Class, A-Class, and R-Class, which had none at all.

What's stranger is that the vans and trucks are mimicking the passenger cars. Previously they carried the three pointed star as a discreet badge in the middle of a horizontal black grille, in 1970s Volkswagen style. Now the sculptured grille and oversize badge are near identical to those of an M or R-Class.

The handsome offering above is a Sport version of the new C-class saloon*. The ones which do not distinguish themselves at games have the latest version of the Mercedes Benz "radiator shell", rather handsome with its historically correct 'V' shape in plan.

I'm afraid in Sport form it reminds me of nothing so much as the vulgar mock-SEC grilles which were a favourite means of ruining a 190E in the 1980s and 90s. It's distressing to know that by the first decade of the 21st century, a reminder of such sacrilegeous bad taste is now a factory option.

*Not Vectra, not Hyundai, not Kia, not Honda, as they say in e-bay speak.

Wednesday, January 24, 2007

5ivegears' Automotive Bestiary

In response to a friend's request, here's a non-definitive list of cars (and a few trucks) named after animals.


AC Greyhound
Aston Martin Bulldog
Audi Fox
Bedford Beagle
Chevrolet Impala
Commer Cob
De Tomaso Mangusta (Mongoose)
De Tomaso Pantera
Eagle (former AMC)
Fiat Panda
Ford Cougar
Ford Mustang
Ford Puma

Geely Beauty Leopard
Great Wall Coolbear
Hillman Husky
Hyundai Pony
Lamborghini Miura / Gallardo / Espada / Murcielago (all bulls!)
Mercury Bobcat
Mercury Cougar
Mercury Lynx
Mitsubishi Colt
Mitsubishi Pajero
Nissan Leopard
Reliant Kitten
Renault Kangoo - they obviously meant Kangaroo!
Renault Dauphine (Dolphin)
Riley Lynx
Rover Tomcat
Singer Chamois
Singer Gazelle
Sipani Dolphin
Sunbeam Tiger
Triumph Stag
TVR Vixen
Volkswagen Fox
Volkswagen Rabbit


Bond Bug
Dodge Super Bee
Ford Scorpio
Lancia Scorpion
Plymouth Cricket
Volkswagen Beetle
Wolseley Hornet


AC Cobra
Dodge Viper
Porsche Cayman


Buick Skylark
Ford Falcon
Humber Hawk
Humber Snipe / Super Snipe
Nissan Bluebird
Reliant Robin
Riley Falcon
Riley Kestrel
Riley Merlin
Saehan Bird
Simca Aronde
Studebaker Hawk
Suzuki Swift
Toyota Tercel


AMC Marlin
Chevrolet Corvette Mako Shark
Chevrolet Corvette Stingray
Opel Manta
Plymouth Barracuda

Mythical Category

AMC Gremlin
Iso Grifo
Pontiac Firebird
TVR Chiamera
Vauxhall Wyvern


BMC Mini Moke
Dodge Ram
Karrier Bantam
Karrier Gamecock
Leyland Clydesdale
Leyland Mastiff
Leyland Terrier
Reliant Ant
Scammell Scarab
Steyr Puch Haflinger and Pinzgauer

Motorcycles and military vehicles excluded - there's an equally rich seam to be mined.